Gödel did something very clever. He found a solution of Einstein’s field equations in which the world lines circled back on themselves. This means that if you were traveling along a world line you would eventually encounter yourself as a baby. Suppose you kill yourself as a baby. Would you still be alive? It would be disturbing if you were both alive and dead. Unlike quantum mechanics, Einstein’s theory does not address ambiguity explicitly. The great challenge of modern physics is to unite the general theory of relativity with quantum mechanics. This has not yet been done.

The Big Bang that Fizzled or, Hell no! No Big Bang

Cosmologist Sean Carroll gave a TED talk Distant time and the hint of a multiverse. He said “The universe is really big. We live in a galaxy, the Milky Way Galaxy. There are about a hundred billion stars in the Milky Way Galaxy. Every one of these (little blobs) is a galaxy roughly the size of our Milky Way — a hundred billion stars in each of those. There are approximately a hundred billion galaxies in the observable universe. . .”
“What you have to think about is we have a universe with a hundred billion galaxies, and a hundred billion stars each. At early times, those hundred billion galaxies were squeezed into a region about this big – (literally a pinpoint) — at early times.

Quantum Entanglement Redux

The notes below from Wired Magazine (Jan. 2011) shed light on how BREAKING THE LIGHT images are made through an interaction with light photons called quantum entanglement. Each image is made during a single time exposure with a hand held camera. While the shutter is closed I am “blind” to the multi-colored lights where I am shooting. The camera does a “quantum dance” that guides it movements. These excerpts shed light on how my “blind” eye influences my other open eye and vice-versa through quantum entanglement. The robin’s eyes, through a layer of cryptochrome at the retina, are theorized in this article to have quantum entanglement with the earth’s very weak magnetic field.

Traces: Ants and Urban Design

An individual ant is not very interesting. Its level of intelligence is minimal; its problem solving skills miniscule. But even these limitations allow for rule based behavior. Paired with asynchronous forms of communication such as pheromones in scent markers or trails, or the ability to categorize and count other ants, complex behaviors emerge. Those behaviors either contribute to the survival of the colony or they don’t, so environmental pressures help select for what works.

Quantum Entanglement

“European robins may maintain quantum entanglement in their eyes a full 20 microseconds longer than the best laboratory systems, say physicists investigating how birds may use quantum effects to “see” Earth’s magnetic field. “Quantum entanglement is a state where electrons are spatially separated, but able to affect one another. It’s been proposed that birds’ eyes contain entanglement-based compasses. “Conclusive proof doesn’t yet exist, but multiple lines of evidence suggest it. Findings like this one underscore just how sophisticated those compasses may be. “’How can a living system have evolved to protect a quantum state as well — no, better — than we can do in the lab with these exotic molecules?’” asked quantum physicist Simon Benjamin of Oxford University and the National University of Singapore, a co-author of the new study. “That really is an amazing thing.’”

Quantum Foam & Consciousness

The quantum age opened a new and enigmatic window on the hidden workings of the universe and our connection to its “machinery.” It is a virtual cosmic quantum computer, a omniscient machine made of simultaneous superposition of infinite probabilistic waves of light. Upon observation the light waves collapse into matter or inhabit an infinity of universes. Vast indeterminate, entangled and uncertain crystal clouds of probabilistic light waves, called “quantum foam” by physicist John Wheeler, fill the vast regions of space on into infinity.

Unstable at Any Speed

The Wright brothers studied birds. This proved largely futile until they discovered the principle of the curved airfoil, because birds are inherently unstable and must constantly trim their wings. Aircraft are designed, with a few exceptions, to be inherently stable. That is, once they are “trimmed” (in level, stable flight) air currents acting on their wings and tails tend to keep them flying on a straight line. Birds trim their wings constantly like a type of fighter aircraft which “flies by wire” using computers to vary the controls hundreds of times a second in order to keep it in trim. If the onboard computer and its backups fail, the aircraft crashes.

Quantum Meetings

As an artist and a sometimes curmudgeon. I’d love to meet Monet, Picasso, Matisse, Klee, Van Gogh, Moore, Rodin, Calder, De Kooning, Pollock. Mitchell, Frankenthaler, Mendieta, Bourgeoise, Basquiat and Dubuffet to name just a few. Add Weston, Newton, Avedon, Munkasi, Steiglitz and O’Keeffe, La Chappelle, Watson (Cyclops) and Adams. Add the doyen of the fashion photographers, the magazine design genius Alexei Brodovitch, and the great fashion editor Carmel Snow of Harper’s Bazarr and the list goes on and on. It will not and cannot end!

American Southwest and Patagonia

Our twin engine plane ratchets and bumps over Patagonia, above a landscape of mountains covered with snow and ice. We are on a bumpy roller coaster, up, down, around and up buffeted by strong icy winds. I hold my Canon camera attached to a gyro- stabilizer and shoot out through the aircraft’s window. Too windy to open it. The range of snow white mountains slides by, empty of buildings of any kind.


On a rare clear morning — the first day of summer 1992 — flying across the Bering Strait from the Yukon delta toward the Diomede Islands and the Chukotskiy Peninsula of Siberia, I imagine the gray sun-silvered strait as seen from on high by a migrating crane, more particularly, by the golden eye of the Crane from the East, as the lesser sandhill crane of North America is known to traditional peoples on its westernmost breeding territory in Siberia. The sandhill commonly travels a mile above the earth and can soar higher, to at least twenty thousand feet — not astonishing when one considers that the Eurasian and demoiselle cranes ascend to three miles above sea level traversing the Himalaya in their north and south migrations between Siberia and the Indian subcontinent.


To see into a rose in its full glory, pistils stretched out to seduce pollen from darting bees, delicate and ferocious, an immolation of blushing colors, is to see paradise lost, the innocence of Eden slain by dragons, a sinister sacrament of bloody wafers.

Moonlight Sonatas

Light is the universe itself. Light is not in our universe, we are in light’s universe. That is why no matter how fast you move towards matching the speed of light, light everywhere moves away from you at the same speed of 186,000 miles per second. Einstein’s theory of gravity was proven by experiments which showed changes in positions of the stars in images taken during total eclipses. That meant that space around the sun was curved. It did not mean that the sun was there when unobserved. The Copenhagen Interpretation has been much disputed but is largely accepted after one hundred years as scientific fact. The universe is stranger than we know and quantum mechanics is stranger as well.